Articles
 

2021

Amaral AFS, et al. Chronic airflow obstruction and ambient particulate air pollution. Thorax. In press.

Burney P, et al. Prevalence and Population Attributable Risk for Chronic Airflow Obstruction in a Large Multinational Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. in press.

Petrie K, et al. Undiagnosed and misdiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Data from the BOLD Australia study. International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 2021; 16:467-475.

2020

Denguezli M, et alPrevalence and Characteristics of Undiagnosed COPD in Adults 40 Years and Older – Reports from the Tunisian Population-Based Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease StudyCOPD 2020; in press.

Conyette L, et alPrevalence and risk factors of airflow obstruction in a Caribbean populationInt J Tuberc Lung Dis 2020; 24(5):512-519.

Atassi M, et al. Association between chronic airflow obstruction and socio-economic position in Morocco: BOLD results. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2020; 24(2):202-206.

2019

Ivey MA, et al. Characteristics in Stages of Change and Decisional Balance among Smokers: The Burden of Obstructive Lung Diseases (BOLD)-Australia Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019;16(18):3372.

Janson C, et al. Bronchodilator reversibility in asthma and COPD: Findings from three large population studies. Eur Resp J;54:1900561.

Triest FJJ, S et al. Airflow obstruction and cardio-metabolic comorbidities. COPD 2019;16(2):109-117.

Sakhamuri S, et al. Reduced forced vital capacity is independently associated with ethnicity, metabolic factors and respiratory symptoms in a Caribbean population: a cross-sectional study. BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2019;19(1):62.

Sator L, et alOverdiagnosis of COPD in subjects with unobstructed spirometry - a BOLD analysis. Chest 2019;156(2):277-288.

​​

2018

Razzaq S, et al. Epidemiology of asthma and associated factors in an urban Pakistani population: adult asthma study-Karachi. BMC Pulm Med 2018;18(1):184.

Brostrom E, et al. The prevalence of chronic airflow obstruction in three cities in the Nordic-Baltic region. Resp Med 2018;143:8-13.

Ahmed R, et al. A comparison of smartphone and paper data-collection tools in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study in Gezira state, Sudan. PLOS One 2018;13(3):e0193917.

Amaral AFS, et al. Airflow obstruction and use of solid fuels for cooking or heating: BOLD results. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 2018;197(5):595-610.

2017

 

Mejza F, et al. Prevalence and burden of chronic bronchitis symptoms: results from the BOLD study. Eur Resp J 2017;50(5):170062.

 

Grønseth R, et al. Unemployment in chronic airflow obstruction around the world: results from the BOLD study. Eur Resp J 2017; 50(3):1700499.

 

Coton S, et al. Severity of Airflow Obstruction in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Proposal for a New Classification. COPD; 14(5):469-475.

 

Horner A, et al. Altitude and COPD prevalence: analysis of the PREPOCOL-PLATINO-BOLD-EPI-SCAN study. Resp Res 2017; 18:162.

 

Townend J, et al. The association between chronic airflow obstruction and poverty in 12 sites of the multinational BOLD study. Eur Resp J 2017; 49:1601880.

 

Obaseki DO, et al. Reduced forced vital capacity in an African population: Prevalence and risk factors. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2017; 14(5):714-721.

2016

Denguezli M, et al. COPD in nonsmokers: Reports from the Tunisian population-based Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study. PLoS ONE 2016; 11(3):e0151981.

 

El Rhazi K, et al. Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Fez, Morocco: Results from the BOLD study. Int J Tuberculosis and Lung Dis 2016; 20(1):136-141.

 

Koul PA, et al. Prevalence of chronic airflow limitation in Kashmir, North India: Results from the BOLD study. Int J Tuberculosis and Lung Dis 2016; 20(10):1399-1404.

 

Loh LC, et al. Low prevalence of obstructive lung disease in a suburban population of Malaysia: A BOLD collaborative study. Respirology 2016; 21(6):1055-1061.

 

Meghji J, et al. Noncommunicable Lung Disease in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Community-based Cross-Sectional Study of Adults in Urban Malawi. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016; 194(1):67-76.

 

Obaseki DO, et al. Chronic Airflow Obstruction in a Black African Population: Results of BOLD Study, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 2016; 13(1):42-49.

 

Vanfleteren LE, et al. Body mass index and chronic airflow limitation in a worldwide population-based study. Chron Respir Dis 2016; 13(2):90-101.

2015

 

Al Ghobain M, et al. The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A BOLD study. Int J Tuberculosis and Lung Dis 2015; 19(10):1252-1257.

 

Amaral AF, et al. Association of pulse wave velocity with total lung capacity: A cross-sectional analysis of the BOLD London study. Respir Med 2015; 109(12):1569-75.

 

Amaral AF, et al. Tuberculosis associates with both airflow obstruction and low lung function: BOLD results. Eur Respir J 2015; 46(4):1104-12.

 

Cooksley NAJB, et al. Prevalence of airflow obstruction and reduced forced vital capacity in an Aboriginal Australian population: The cross-sectional BOLD study. Respirology 2015; 20(5):766-774.

 

Gnatiuc L, et al. Gaps In using bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids and influenza vaccine among 23 high- and low-income sites. Int J Tuberculosis and Lung Dis 2015; 19(1):21-30.

 

Lamprecht B, et al. Determinants of underdiagnosis of COPD in national and international surveys. Chest 2015; 148(4):971-85.

 

Leidy NK, et al. Insight into Best Variables for COPD Case Identification: A Random Forests Analysis. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases 2016; 3(1):406-418.

 

Niederseer D, et al.  Symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in clinical trials and in a population-based study. Sleep and Breathing 2015; 19(3):pp 801-808.

 

Townend J, et al. Development of an international scale of socio-economic position based on household assets. Emerg Themes Epidemiol 2015;12:13.

2014

 

Burney P, et al. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality and prevalence: the associations with smoking and poverty: a BOLD analysis--authors' reply. Thorax 2014; 69(9):869-70, [Letter]

 

Burney P, et al. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality and prevalence: The associations with smoking and poverty-A BOLD analysis. Thorax 2014; 69(5):465-473.

Grønseth R, et al. Predictors of dyspnoea prevalence: results from the BOLD study. Eur Resp J 2014; 43(6):1610-20.

Gupta RP, et al. Summarising published results from spirometric surveys of COPD: The problem of inconsistent definitions. Int J Tuberculosis and Lung Dis 2014; 18(8):998-1003.

 

Ivey MA, et al. Assessing the performance of two lung age equations on the Australian population: using data from the cross-sectional BOLD-Australia study. Nicotine & tobacco research: official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco 2014; 16(12):1629-37.

 

Pinto LM, et al. Derivation of normative data for the COPD assessment test (CAT). Resp Research 2014; 15:68

 

Sharifi H, et al. Burden of obstructive lung disease study in Tehran: Research design and lung spirometry protocol. Int J Preventive Med 2014; 5(11):1439-1445.

 

Sharifi H, et al. Interim report from burden of obstructive lung disease (BOLD study) in Tehran: Prevalence and risk factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Tanaffos 2014; 13(3):6-13.

 

Weiss G, et al. Detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in primary care in Salzburg, Austria: Findings from the real world. Respiration 2014; 87(2):136-143.

2013

 

Arslan Z, et al. Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Kocaeli: An industrialised city in Turkey. Balkan Med J 2013; 30(4):387-393.

 

Barbara C, et al. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence in Lisbon, Portugal: The burden of obstructive lung disease study. Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia 2013; 19(3):96-105.

 

Cardoso J, et al. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Portugal: Pneumobil (1995) and 2002 prevalence studies revisited. Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia 2013; 19(3):88-95.

 

Daldoul H, et al. Prevalence of COPD and tobacco smoking in Tunisia - Results from the BOLD study. Int J Environmental Research and Public Health 2013; 10(12):7257-7271.

 

Janson C, et al. The impact of COPD on health status: Findings from the BOLD study. Eur Respir J 2013; 42(6):1472-1483.

 

Jithoo A, et al. Case-finding options for COPD: results from the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study. Eur Respir J 2013; 41(3):548-55.

Lamprecht B, et al. Is spirometry properly used to diagnose COPD? Results from the BOLD study in Salzburg, Austria: A population-based analytical study. Primary Care Respir J 2013; 22(2):195-200.

 

Toelle BG, et al. Respiratory symptoms and illness in older Australians: The Burden of obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study. Med J Australia 2013; 198(3):144-148.

2012

 

Burney P. The Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study prepares for African Surveys. Africa Health 2011; 33(2)12.

 

Danielsson P, et al. The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Uppsala, Sweden - the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study: Cross-sectional population-based study. Clin Respir J 2012; 6(2):120-127.

 

Emilsson OI, et al. Nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux, lung function and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea: Results from an epidemiological survey. Respiratory Medicine 2012; 106(3):459-466.

 

Hooper R, et al. Risk factors for COPD spirometrically defined from the lower limit of normal in the BOLD project. Eur Respir J 2012; 39(6):1343-1353.

 

Kato B, et al. Can spirometric norms be set using pre- or post- bronchodilator test results in older people? Respiratory Research 2012; 13: 102.

 

Mannino DM, et al. Restricted spirometry in the Burden of Lung Disease Study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2012; 16(10):1405-11.

 

Tan WC, et al. Worldwide patterns of bronchodilator responsiveness: results from the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study. Thorax. 2012; 67(8):718-726.

 

Vanfleteren LEGW, et al. The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Maastricht, the Netherlands. Respir Med 2012; 106(6):871-874.

2011

 

Deveci F, et al. The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Elazig, Eastern Turkey. Eur J Internal Med 2011; 22(2):172-176.

 

Enright P, et al. Quality of Spirometry tests performed by 9893 adults in 14 countries: The BOLD Study. Respiratory Medicine. 2011; 105(10):1507-1515.

 

Fjalldal SB, et al. Smoking, stages of change and decisional balance in Iceland and Sweden. Clin Respir J 2011; 5(2):76-83. 
 

Idolor LF, et al. Burden of obstructive lung disease in a rural setting in the Philippines. Respirology 2011; 16(7):1111-1118.

 

Lamprecht B, et al. COPD in never smokers: Results from the population-based burden of obstructive lung disease study. Chest 2011; 139(4):752-763.

 

Lamprecht B, et al. Subjects with discordant airways obstruction: Lost between spirometric definitions of COPD. Pulmonary Medicine 2011: 780215.

 

Schirnhofer L, et al. Using targeted spirometry to reduce non-diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respiration 2011; 81(6):476-482.

 

Tan WC, et al. Can age and sex explain the variation in COPD rates across large urban cities? A population study in Canada. Int J Tuberculosis and Lung Dis 2011; 15(12):1691-1696.

2010

 

Barry AC, et al. Exposure to indoor biomass fuel pollutants and asthma prevalence in Southeastern Kentucky: results from the Burden of Lung Disease (BOLD) study. J Asthma 2010; 47(7):735-41.

 

Prentice HA, et al. Significant bronchodilator responsiveness and "reversibility" in a population sample. COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 2010; 7(5):323-330.

2009

 

Jithoo A, et al. Implications of screening for COPD: Results from the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study from 14 countries. Thorax 2009; 64(Suppl IV:A32) & Thorax 2010; 65(1):91 [Erratum].

 

Margretardottir OB, et al. Hypertension, systemic inflammation and body weight in relation to lung function impairment-an epidemiological study. COPD 2009; 6(4):250-255.

 

Methvin JN, et al. COPD prevalence in Southeastern Kentucky: The burden of lung disease study. Chest 2009; 135(1):102-107.

 

Nielsen R, Johannessen A, Benediktsdottir B, Gislason T, Buist AS, Gulsvik A, Sullivane SD, Lee TA. Present and future costs of COPD in Iceland and Norway: Results from the BOLD study. Eur Respir J 2009; 34(4):850-857.

 

Perez-Padilla R, et al. Can a normal peak expiratory flow exclude severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? Int J Tuberculosis and Lung Dis 2009; 13(3):387-393.

 

Tan WC, et al. Marijuana and chronic obstructive lung disease: a population-based study. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De l'Association Medicale Canadienne 2009, 180(8):814-820. 

 

Thorleifsson SJ, et al. Chronic airflow obstruction and markers of systemic inflammation: Results from the BOLD study in Iceland. Respir Med 2009; 103(10):1548-1553.

 

Vollmer WM, et al. Comparison of spirometry criteria for the diagnosis of COPD: Results from the BOLD study. Eur Respir J 2009; 34(3):588-597.

 

Zhou YM, et al. Current status of prevention and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in rural area in China. Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 2009; 48(5):358-361.

2008

 

Buist AS, et al. Worldwide burden of COPD in high- and low-income countries. Part I. The Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) Initiative. Int J Tuberculosis and Lung Dis 2008; 12(7):703-708.

 

Geldmacher H, et al. The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Germany: Results of the BOLD Study. <Die pravalenz der chronisch obstruktiven lungenerkrankung (COPD) in Deutschland:
Ergebnisse der BOLD-Studie> Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 2008; 133(50):2609-2614.

 

Hazen DA, et al. Gender specific differences in the pros and cons of smoking among current smokers in Eastern Kentucky: implications for future smoking cessation interventions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2008; 5(4):230-242. 

 

Lamprecht B, et al. Non-reversible airway obstruction in never smokers: Results from the Austrian BOLD study. Respir Med 2008; 102(12):1833-1838.

 

2007

 

Benediktsdottir B, et al. Prevalence of COPD in Iceland--the BOLD study. Laeknabladid 2007, 93(6):471-477. 

 

Buist AS, et al. International variation in the prevalence of COPD (The BOLD Study): a population-based prevalence study. Lancet 2007; 370(9589):741-750.

 

Firlei N, et al. The prevalence of COPD in Austria - The expected change over the next decade. <Die pravalenz der COPD in Osterreich - Die erwartete Entwicklung bis 2020. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 2007; 119(17-18):513-518.

 

Lamprecht B, et al. Farming and the prevalence of non-reversible airways obstruction - Results from a population-based study.  Amer J Industrial Med 2007; 50(6):421-426.

 

Lamprecht B, et al. Six-second spirometry for detection of airway obstruction: a population-based study in Austria. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2007, 176(5):460-464. 

 

Nizankowska-Mogilnicka E, et al. Prevalence of COPD and tobacco smoking in Malopolska region - Results from the BOLD Study in Poland. Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej 2007; 117(9):402-410.

 

Schirnhofer L, et al. COPD prevalence in Salzburg, Austria: Results from the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study. Chest 2007; 131(1):29-36.

 

Zhong N, et al. Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in China: A large, population-based survey. Amer J Respir Crit Care Med 2007; 176(8):753-760.

 

2006

Rutten-van Molken M, Lee TA. Economic modeling in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society 2006; 3(7):630-634.

Zhou YM, et al. A study on the methodology regarding the prevalence survey of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in China. Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 2006; 27(9):814-818.

 

2005

Buist AS, et al. The Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease Initiative (BOLD): Rationale and design. COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 2005; 2(2):277-283.

Liu SM, et al. Epidemiologic analysis of COPD in Guangdong province. National Med J China 2005; 85(11):747-752.